Digitalisation and financial inclusion in agriculture

Digitalisation and financial inclusion in agriculture

6 November, 2023    

Agriculture is the largest sector in the Rwandan economy, with 75% of the adult population generating their livelihoods from the sector. Its contribution to GDP and export earnings is substantial, accounting for 26% of Rwanda’s GDP value added in 2020.
As part of the Rwanda Economy Digitalisation Programme, we conducted an in-depth of the the agriculture sector by examining the sector’s digitalisation policy objectives in and their practical implementation. The sector faces challenges such as limited arable land, weather-related risks, and inadequate access to finance and technology for smallholder farmers.

Key findings in the digitalisation of farmers:

  • Financial inclusion varies among farmers, with subsistence farmers having a moderate level and commercial farmers experiencing a high level of financial inclusion.
  • The majority of formally financially included farmers have a mobile money account.
  • Roughly 6-7% of farmers owning mobile phones do not have mobile money.
  • More than 90% of financial transaction use cases remain non-digitalised. Remittances, water and electricity payments, leisure expenses, and educational payments stand out as the most extensively digitised aspects of financial transactions.
View agriculture landscaping study Size 6800kb

If you are interested in working with us on payments digitalisation or evidence-based decision making you can contact Arlette Rwakazina.

Similar Articles
Guidance on developing a data and analytics strategy
In today’s data-driven world, many organisations recognise the importance of leveraging data insights to make decisions. However, once they attem...
Unique challenges and opportunities for Earth Observation in Rwanda
When I travelled the windy road from Kigali to the Volcanoes National Park to hike up Mount Bisoke, I spent most of my time looking out the window ...
Case study: Enhancing telecommunications connectivity through data analytics
The Government of Rwanda’s ambitious plan to become a cashless economy by 2024 has seen significant efforts and investments in the cashless a...
Open Finance in Africa: Designing context-appropriate approaches for the financial sector
Open Finance can be defined as the sharing of consumer data between financial service providers (FSPs) and/or third-party providers on the basis of...